On 1 January next year, Croatia will become the twentieth member state of the euro area. The country has chosen to represent a geographical map, a marten or the engineer Nikola Tesla.
In Croatian wallets, the euro is replacing Kuna. On January 1, 2023, Croatia will say goodbye to its national currency, becoming the twentieth European country to adopt the single currency. The new Croatian coins will soon circulate throughout Europe: as for the other countries, these will have a common European side indicating the value of the coin and a national side specific to Croatia.
On the two-euro coin, the largest and most emblematic, Croatia has chosen to show a geographical map of the country. On one euro coin there is a pine tree, a Croatian money symbol already represented on the current national currency (whose name, Kuna, also means “marrow” in Croatian). The fur of this animal was used as a means of payment in the Middle Ages, and then gave its name to the Croatian currency as such.
The engineer and inventor Nikola Tesla appears on the fifty, twenty and ten cent coins. Croatian of Serbian origin, naturalized American, he is known for his work in electrical energy. A rival to Thomas Edison, he filed no fewer than 300 patents and notably developed the first alternating current induction motor. The American car manufacturer Tesla, led today by Elon Musk, was named after Nikola Tesla.
Finally, on the smaller one-, two- and five-cent coins we find the Glagolitic script, the oldest Slavic alphabet, which is considered an essential element of the Croatian national identity. All the pieces also feature the word “HRVATSKA”, that is, “Croatia” in Croatian, as well as a chessboard in the background, reminiscent of the red and white coat of arms.